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Rosie’s Cute Pet Oriental Fire Bellied Toads (bombina orientalis)
The fire-bellied toads or fire belly toads are a group of eight species of small frogs (most species typically no longer than 1.6 in or 4.1 cm) belonging to the genus Bombina.
The name “fire-bellied” is derived from the brightly colored red- or yellow-and-black patterns on the toads’ ventral regions, which act as aposematic coloration, a warning to predators of the toads’ reputedly foul taste. The other parts of the toads’ skins are green or dark brown. When confronted with a potential predator, these toads commonly engage in an Unkenreflex, “Unken-” being the combining form of “Unke”, German for fire-bellied toad. In the Unkenreflex, the toad arches its back, raising its front and back legs to display the aposematic coloration of its ventral side.
Several species in the genus Bombina, particularly B. orientalis, B bombina, and B. variegata, are commonly kept as exotic pets and are readily available in many pet stores. In captivity, they are easily maintained in vivaria, and when provided with proper food and environmental conditions, often prove to be robust, flamboyant, and long-lived amphibians. Captive fire-bellied toads can live from 10–15 years.
In captivity, they eat a wide variety of food, including crickets, moths, minnows, blood worms and pinkie mice, though some frogs cannot handle certain foods, due to their size. They can sometimes act very aggressively against each other, particularly males.
Fire-bellied toads are easy to raise and handle in quantity, this makes them advantageous to study in various sciences.
The species can be found both in Europe and in areas in Asia with a moderate climate.
All kinds of toads prefer habitats of stagnant water, which they are reluctant to leave. The fire-bellied toad lives primarily in a continental climate in standing water or calmer backwaters of rivers or ponds. The species can also be found in flood pools and in floodplains. The yellow-bellied species typically live at higher altitude, where they are primarily found in small bodies of water like ponds or water-filled ruts, often near small mountain streams. The Asian species also live in small bodies of water and can live at altitudes of over 3000 meters.